Polypectomy is an procedure that removes formations (polyps) from the digestive tube by an electric knife (electrocauter). Polyps can be found anywhere in the digestive tract, all the way from the esophagus to the rectum, but most commonly they are found in the colon. The process is completely painless and it is recommended to do it immediately during the diagnostic gastroscopy or colonoscopy, thus avoiding medical complications caused by polyps (ie. malignant alteration), additional financial expenses as well as re-preparation of the patient.
Pathohistological analysis is mandatory for the removed polyps, in order to exclude the malignant nature of growth and to precisely define the nature of the process. Depending on the pathohistological finding, further diagnostic procedures and treatment are performed if necessary. The pathohistological finding itself has a significant influence on determining the rhythm of the follow-up examinations. Rarely, after a polyp excision, bleeding can occur, which is usually stopped with no problem.