Centres of Excellence -> Urology -> Urology


What is urology and what does an urology specialist do? 

Urology is a branch of medicine that focuses on the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of disorders and diseases of the urogenital system, specifically those affecting the male and female urinary tracts (kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, and urethra), as well as the male reproductive system (penis, testes, scrotum, vas deferens, prostate, etc.).

The specialist responsible for this area is known as a urologist. At St. Catherine's, patients benefit from the expertise and experience of Sven Nikles, M.D., Urology Consultant.

The purpose of our Center of Excellence for Urology is to continuously improve the urogenital health of our patients through prevention and early detection of health issues, providing quality and efficient healthcare, alongside modern equipment, a highly educated team of experts, and an individualized approach.

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Why is an urological examination so important? 

A urological examination is crucial for identifying issues within the urogenital system in their early stages and initiating appropriate treatment. Timely and accurate diagnosis is key as it significantly facilitates treatment, improves treatment outcomes, and prevents potential complications and consequences that may arise from untreated urogenital diseases, most of which are curable if detected early. This is why we at St. Catherine place great emphasis on prevention and quality diagnostics of all urogenital system diseases and disorders. For this reason, it is recommended to undergo a regular urological examination once a year, especially for men over the age of 40, enabling patients to lead healthier and better-quality lives. In men, this particularly pertains to prostate diseases, including benign prostatic hyperplasia (enlarged prostate) and prostate cancer, as it is the second most common form of cancer in men over 40 years old. The advantage lies in the relatively slow development of prostate cancer compared to many other types of cancer, significantly increasing the chances of treatment and survival with early detection. In fact, when prostate cancer is detected early, the cure rate reaches as high as 98%.

An urological examination can also assist in diagnosing and treating a wide range of other conditions, including various urinary tract infections, obstructive disorders due to congenital anomalies, kidney stones, urinary incontinence, kidney cancer, bladder cancer, and other disorders affecting the organs of the urogenital system.

In addition to everything mentioned, urological examinations are important because they enable patient counseling on ways to prevent urological issues and educate patients about the importance of a healthy lifestyle in maintaining urogenital system health.

When to seek help from an urologist? 

An urological examination may be necessary for various reasons, but patients most commonly seek help from a urologist due to symptoms such as difficulties with urination, pain or burning sensations during urination, presence of blood in urine or ejaculate, sensation of incomplete bladder emptying, urinary leakage (incontinence), abdominal or lower back pain, changes in urine appearance or frequency of urination (especially at night). Specifically for men, common reasons for seeking a urologist include erectile dysfunction, changes in the testicles and penile skin, penile discharge, suspected prostate diseases, reproductive system issues, sperm quality concerns, and after risky sexual encounters due to concerns about sexually transmitted infections, among others.

At St. Catherine's, we conduct preventive urological examinations, perform diagnostic procedures, and provide appropriate treatment for urogenital diseases, including surgical interventions. Throughout this process, we strive to ensure that you feel maximally safe, comfortable, and relaxed during your urological examination, with guaranteed discretion. We endeavor to minimize any potential discomfort you may experience.

Who is an urological examination intended for? 

Contrary to commonly held beliefs, a urologist is not just a specialist for men, but a physician who diagnoses and treats diseases of the urogenital system in both genders - males and females. Specifically, urologists deal with diseases of the urinary system in both men and women, as well as male reproductive organs, while gynecologists focus on the female reproductive system.

Candidates for an urological examination can be men and women of all age groups. In men, a urological examination may include, among other things, prostate checks, especially after a certain age (typically after the age of 45) for the early detection of potential issues such as prostate cancer. Women, on the other hand, may seek a urological examination due to urinary system problems or genital disorders.

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Services of our Center for Urology 

Within the St. Catherine's Center for Urology, the following diagnostic-therapeutic procedures and surgical interventions and procedures are available:

        You have urological problems or simply want to make an appointment for a regular examination by an urologist? Don't wait and contact us with confidence at +385 1 2867 400 or!

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