Centre for Hematology
Hematology is a branch of internal medicine, a subspecialization that deals with the diagnostics and treatment of blood diseases or diseases of the hematopoietic system.
The hematopoietic system consists of blood, bone marrow, spleen, lymph nodes, and lymphatic tissue of the intestines and bronchi.
Many diseases cause disorders in the blood count, and some may have enlarged lymph nodes or spleen.
The hematologist diagnoses primary hematological diseases and other diseases that have led to disturbances in the blood count or enlargement of lymph nodes and spleen.
The most common haematological disorders
The most common hematological disorders are benign. Such are anemia, leukopenia, thrombocytopenia and reactively enlarged lymph nodes. Significantly less common disorders are malignant processes such as malignant lymphomas, myeloproliferative neoplasms, acute and chronic leukemias, myelodysplastic syndrome.
As it is not possible to conclude on the basis of the aberrant laboratory findings whether it is a benign or malignant disorder or disease and whether it should be treated or not, a hematologist's examination is required.
What does a hematologist examination cover?
Hematologist examination consists of taking anamnestic data and physical examination, as well as laboratory, morphological and radiological examinations. Based on the results of these tests, the nature and cause of the hematological disorder can be clarified.