In the clinic we also take care of patients who suffered stroke by making the diagnosis, ambulatory treatment and rehabilitation. Patients who require long-term hospital treatment and/or intensive care are referred to appropriate medical centers after diagnostics are completed. Stroke is a disease that occurs when the brain circulation is compromised either by a clot which blocks the blood vessel (this is called ischemic stroke) or by blood vessel rupture in the brain because of which the blood escapes to the brain tissues (this is called hemorrhagic stroke). Similar stated include:
- Transitory ischemic attacks (also known as TIA or mini stroke) result in temporary circulation cutoff to the brain which leads to short disfunction of the brain which does not last longer than 24 hours. It is a serious state because it represents a warning for an impending stroke and is very similar in symptoms to it.
- Traumatic damage and/or brain bleeding occurs when the brain is damaged in head trauma. The symptoms can be mild in the beginning (sometimes invisible) and they mostly include headaches, dizziness, vision problems and nausea. Serious symptoms of traumatic brain injury are loss of consciousness which lasts longer than six hours, convulsions, widening of the pupils and vertigo.
- Brain aneurysms are small bags which protrude from the weakened wall of the blood vessel which can rupture and bleed in the vital brain structures. Symptoms can include sudden headaches (like thunderstroke), neck stiffness, sensitivity to light, nausea, convulsions and loss of consciousness.