McKenzie is a method of mechanical diagnosis and therapy. The Mckenzie concept includes diagnostic and therapeutic techniques which are used with mechanically caused functional issues of the cervical, thoracic and lumbar spine. The inventor of this method is Robin McKenzie, physiotherapist and manual therapist from New Zealand.
By combining knowledge and experience from various manual techniques, he perfected this method. McKenzie technique is based on repeated exercise to reduce pain. It is a combination of exercise and therapeutic intervention.
Unlike other methods of treatment, it leads towards self-healing and dependence on the therapist as little as possible. Patient examination with McKenzie technique is composed of the subjective and objective part which gives us insight in the pathological condition. It also has a functional test which serves as a guideline for further therapy planning.
During the examination, different positions and movements are used which can help the patient affect his or her symptoms. Repetition of the movements at home is very important because the success of the treatment depends an active participation from the patient. Because of this, education hold the key role in the McKenzie method.
The patient needs to learn the correct movements and will be advised on the correct positions when walking, sitting or lying. It is important to motivate the patient for everyday work at home, all with the aim of reducing or completely removing difficulties, improving spine mobility and strengthening the musculature.