What is osteoporosis and its risk factors?
Osteoporosis is the most common metabolic disorder which is characterized by the reduction of bone mass and disorders in the microarchitecture of the bone with consequent fragility and increased risk of bone fractures. Cording to numerous epidemiological studies, 50% of women and 20% of men at the age of 50 and above will experience at least one osteoporotic fracture. It is the most common reason for a broken bone among the elderly. Bones that commonly break include the vertebrae in the spine, the bones of the forearm, and the hip. Hip fracture can lead to permanent disability and in 20-30% of cases the mortality is higher in the first year.
Osteoporosis is more common in women and after menopause. The loss of bone mass begins much earlier than clinical symptoms and bone fractures are commonly the first sign of disease. That is why osteoporosis is sometimes called as the silent epidemic.
Risk factors for osteoporosis are the following: female sex, entering menopause below the age of 45, removal of the ovaries before the age of 50 without taking hormonal therapy, older age (above 65), frequent falls, loss of height more than 3cm after the age of 40, taking corticosteroids more than three months, thyroid disorders, smoking and others.
Since symptoms of osteoporosis are usually not noticeable until the first fracture, you should do an examination of your skeletal system. Our experts will quickly do the examination and treatment (or preventive measures) if necessary, on the basis of personalized medicine. Our endocrinologist will first determine the condition of your bones and if necessary prescribe drugs. And nutritionist will teach you about quality food intake, and the kinesiotherapist will educate you about adequate physical activity. Medications can reduce the risk of bone fracture. Since physical activity and adequate intake of calcium by food increase bone construction and are the basis of prevention of osteoporosis, advice from our experts will be of good value. Osteoporosis is a chronic disease and requires a long-term treatment.
At St. Catherine Specialty Hospital we offer a complete and personalized approach to diagnostics, treatment and education.