Centres of Excellence -> Plastic, reconstructive and aesthetic surgery -> Odontogenic cysts surgery

Odontogenic cysts surgery

Odontogenic cysts are cysts that occur in the jaw and are associated with dental structures. Odontogenic cyst surgery is usually performed when the cyst has grown large enough to cause problems, such as pain, swelling, and risk of infection.

There are several types of surgery that can be performed, depending on the size and location of the cyst. The most commonly used method is enucleation, which involves removing the cyst and its capsule. After surgery, it is important to follow the instructions of the dentist or surgeon to ensure successful healing and reduce the risk of cyst recurrence.

It is important to emphasize that odontogenic cyst surgery is usually performed under local anesthesia and is considered a safe and effective method of treatment. However, for large cysts, general anesthesia is required. The surgeon can place a drainage tube that will "pull" secretions from the cystic cavity from the cavity in the jaw. As with any surgery, there can be risks and complications, so it is important to carefully consider the pros and cons before deciding to have surgery.

More surgical information

Odontogenic cyst surgery is usually performed by an oral surgeon or a maxillofacial surgeon. The procedure is usually performed on an outpatient basis, under local anesthesia, but for larger cysts, general anesthesia is required. The surgerycan last between 30 minutes and several hours, depending on the size and location of the cyst.

The procedure usually involves the following steps:

  • Preparation: before the operation, the patient will be examined, the anamnesis will be taken and appropriate preoperative tests will be performed. There will also be prescribed instructions regarding food and fluid intake before the operation.
  • Anesthesia: the patient will be given local anesthesia to reduce pain during the operation or the anesthesiologist will put you to sleep.
  • Incision: the surgeon will make a small incision in the skin above the cyst.
  • Removal of the cyst: the surgeon will carefully remove the cyst from the surrounding tissue, together with the cystic capsule.
  • Sutures: after removing the cyst, the surgeon will sew up the wound.
  • In case of large cysts, drainage will be placed with a plastic tube, which will ensure that the secretion does not collect in the cystic cavity.
  • Aftercare: After surgery, the patient will undergo follow-up care to ensure that the wound heals properly. This may include instructions on oral hygiene, use of antibiotics and analgesics, and an appointment with an oral surgeon to remove stitches.

It is important to note that certain foods and drinks may need to be avoided after surgery to reduce the risk of infection and ensure proper recovery. Also, the patient should avoid smoking to reduce the chance of complications and speed up the healing process.

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