Centres of Excellence -> Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism -> What is obesity, its complications and how is it treated?

What is obesity, its complications and how is it treated?

Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to an extent that it may have a negative effect on health. Obesity is not only a disorder by itself, but also an indicator of other diseases. Furthermore, obesity can be regarded as a disorder of lifestyle.

According to the date of the World Health Organization, the prevalence of obesity in the world has almost doubled from 1975 to 2016. European health survey from 2014 shows that in a EU member states, 51.6% of people older than 18 are overweight which is an alarming number.

Body mass index (BMI) is a value derived from the mass (weight) and height of a person and is important. Commonly accepted BMI ranges are underweight (under 18.5 kg/m2), normal weight (18.5 to 25), overweight (25 to 30), and obese (over 30).

A type of obesity extremely dangerous is the abdominal obesity which is followed by disorders and secretion of adipose tissue hormones, as well as metabolic changes with consequent complications. Waist circumference has been associated with the risk of metabolic syndrome. In the long term, many different disorders can occur due to obesity: insulin resistance, hyperlipoproteinemia, diabetes, metabolic syndrome, hypertension, dyspnoea, cardiovascular problems, chronic kidney failure, malignant diseases and other. Furthermore, obesity can affect the function of the heart because it puts greater load on it and in the long run negatively affects the ventricles.

Treatment of obesity can be very difficult and frequently unsuccessful, and the patient ir required to stay focused and persistent. Fundamental treatment is the reduction of intake off energy rich food which is called reduction diet.

Quality food and adequate physical activity is essential to a healthier life and extremely important in maintaining good body weight. Physical activity needs to be individualized but commonly 30 to 60 minutes of exercise daily in terms of fast walking or jogging is considered enough. Furthermore, change in lifestyle is the basic step in treating obesity.

Our team of experts (endocrinologist, nutritionist and physiotherapist) Will help you change your lifestyle, food intake, physical activity, sleep and other parameters in a personalized way.

At St. Catherine Specialty Hospital we offer a complete and personalized approach to diagnostics, treatment and education.

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